Better Search Strategy
Honestly, to talk about youth opportunities and networks in agriculture, it is very subjective and vague topic. It depends upon- what are you looking and how can you benefitted from? Before start to proposed session, I would like to focus your attention on how to make a better Google Search (also applicable to other search engines).
Step 1: THINK about your search before you begin
Ask yourself, what do I want to do?
- Locate a specific piece of information?
- Retrieve everything I can on the subject?
Your answer will determine how you conduct your search and what tools you will use.
Step 2: CREATE your search statement Tips for creating a search statement:
- Be specific
- Whenever possible, use nouns and objects as keywords
- The most important terms should be first in your keyword list
- Use at least three keywords in your query
- Combine keywords, whenever possible into phrases
- Avoid common words, e.g., the, an, and, water (unless they are part of a phrase)
- Think about words you'd expect to find in the body of the page, and use them as keywords
- Write down your search statement and revise it before you type it into a search engine
Step 3: APPLY basic search strategies or Boolean Logic to your search statement Searching with Boolean Logic Boolean logic takes its name from British mathematician George Boole (18151864), who wrote about a system of logic designed to produce more accurate search results through the formation of precise queries. The operators of this logic are: AND, OR, and NOT, which are used to link words and phrases for more precise queries.
Boolean Logical Operators • AND – Narrows your search by retrieving only documents that contain every one of the keywords you enter. Be careful; the more terms you enter, the narrower your search becomes. • OR – expands your search by returning documents in which either or both keywords appear. Since the OR operator is usually used for keywords that are similar or synonymous, the more keywords you enter, the more documents you will retrieve. • NOT / AND NOT – limits your search by returning only your first keyword but not the second, even if the first word appears in that document, too. Note that AND NOT sometimes can be typed as ANDNOT (without space).
Nesting Operators: • Using parentheses is an effective way to combine several search statements into one search statement. Parentheses separate keywords when you are using more than one operator and three or more keywords.
Other Search Strategies: • (+) and (-): Use in front of words to force their inclusion (+) and/or exclusion (-) in searches. Do not use a space between the sign and the keyword. Example; +lake –fish • (" "): Use around phrases to ensure they are searched exactly as is, with the words side by side in the same order. Example; "Onondaga Lake Partnership" • (*) wildcards: Use to look for variations in spelling and word form. Example; librar* returns library, libraries, librarian, etc. colo*r returns color (American spelling) and colour (British spelling) • Type keywords and phrases in lower case to find both lower and upper case versions. Typing capital letters will usually return only an exact match. • Remember you can combine phrases with keywords using the double quotes and the plus (+) and minus (-) signs. Example; +buffalo +animal -"New York" –chicken.
Note: Those texts are retrieved from http://www.esf.edu/outreach/sciencecorps/documents/researchguide_nsfgk1…
Youth Opportunities and Networks in Agriculture
Agriculture is not glamorous. For the majority of the world’s youth, agriculture suffers from entrenched negative perceptions. Most youth think of it only as back-breaking labor, without an economic pay-off — and little room for career advancement.
Agribusiness (including micro and small enterprises) can really bring big change in agricultural and other sectors. Similarly, it could significantly reduce the youth unemployment. The major challenge to establishing an agribusiness enterprise in Nepal, however, remains the lack of skills, access to capital, land, inputs, and other productive resources, and the unfavorable policy environment.
While looking for youth opportunities, you have to be clear that what is your interest and why would like to join/ participate. There are several local/ national/ global level organizations or institutions in Nepal. They may provide internship, career opportunity, research opportunity, laboratory supports, technical supports, etc. so you have to check frequently on their website and remain in touch. Additionally, Mr. Santosh Adhikari, our mentor for next session, will cover more information about government and allied institution’s policies and services for youth opportunities in Nepal. My apologies, I may not be able to list all those opportunities and networks. However, if you follow the better search strategies, then it will be very easier. Also, keep in mind about these three things before applying for any opportunities. 1. Am I eligible for particular opportunities? 2. Deadline and time frame- is that suitable for me? 3. My role- How I will be able to contribute?
Kindly have a look on Agriculture based organizations, http://www.dmoz.org/Science/Agriculture/Organizations
Global level Youth Networks
YPARD: The global on-line and off-line communication and discussion platform is meant to enable Young Professionals all over the world to realize their full potential and contribute towards innovative agricultural development. Members can attend events, discussions, workshops, and contests; find a mentor; and raise awareness of agricultural careers.
E-AGRICULTURE: e-Agriculture is a global Community of Practice, where people from all over the world exchange information, ideas, and resources related to the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for sustainable agriculture and rural development.
IAAS World: The International Association of Students in Agricultural and Related Sciences (IAAS) brings together students around the world that share similar dreams and ideals in agricultural and related sciences.
GAE Alliance: The Global AgroEcology Alliance is committed to employing multidisciplinary experiences and a global perspective to use agroecology principles to improve the environmental, social and economic sustainability of agriculture and agrifood supply chains worldwide.
AGRI-PROFILES: is a search portal giving access to profiles of experts and organizations in the field of agriculture, bridging across separately hosted directories and online communities.
Wageningen University: Wageningen UR is the only university in the Netherlands to focus specifically on the theme ‘healthy food and living environment’. We do so by working closely together with governments and the business community.
CSA YOUTH NETWORK: Working towards a resilient environment through climate-smart agriculture.
GCHERA: Acting globally in Education, Research and Innovation to build capacity
New Entry Sustainable Farming Project: Working with new farmers to build strong businesses, expertise in the field, and a resilient food system.
Young Farmer Network: YFN connects farmers, aspiring farmers and farm allies from all backgrounds. Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research: Network for addressing the challenges of global change and sustainability. Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research: an online registry compiling information about experts working in the different fields of agrobiodiversity worldwide. New Farmers: The U.S. Department of Agriculture offers different opportunities for students and recent graduates to work in the agricultural, science, technology, math, environmental, management, business and many other fields.
South Asia Youth Camp on Climate Agriculture & Water https://www.facebook.com/saycaw
AIESEC: AIESEC is the world’s largest youth-led network creating positive impact through personal development and shared global experiences.
Some relevant articles
Denting youth unemployment through agriculture http://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/special-edition-agriculture-20…
Planting the Seed: Cultivating the Next Generation of Farmers http://foodtank.com/news/2016/01/planting-the-seed-cultivating-the-next…
As the world’s farmers age, new blood is needed http://www.gainhealth.org/knowledge-centre/worlds-farmers-age-new-blood…
Youth in Agriculture: for business, not for food http://www.gyin.org/youth-in-agriculture-for-business-not-for-food/
Making Agriculture “Cool” for Youth
Youth and agriculture: It's up to us http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/markets/youth-and-a…
Family Farming Matters https://youngafricanleaders.state.gov/family-farming-matters/
The Climate Smart Agriculture Youth Network (CSAYN)
Investing in the future Creating opportunities for young rural people http://www.ifad.org/events/gc/34/panels/invest_future.pdf
9 ways to engage youth in agriculture
Farming opportunities for young people http://www.farmafrica.org/kenya/farming-opportunities-for-young-people
Engaging Youth in Agriculture – The Key to a Food Secure Future?
Agriculture as a Sector of Opportunity for Young People in Africa http://global.ypard.net/sites/ypard.net/files/Agriculture%20opportunity…